Temple of Apollo, general view from west
Ancient Greek architecture relied exclusively on post and lintel construction. The posts are round, fluted columns, and the squared lintels supported architraves which were often enriched with sculpture.
A lighter form of post and lintel construction uses wooden TRUSSES as lintels to support the weight of the roof. A series of trusses spanning an open space and supporting either a tile or wooden roof allowed higher walls and more fenestration since the walls were not supporting stone vaulting. The most common type of TRUSS is triangular, composed of beams, bars or rods. Their members act in unison in tension and compression of the weight of the roof.
Artform: ARCHITECTURE, Pre-19th Century
Country/Culture: Ancient Greece
Date: 6th century BCE
Museum: © Davis Art Images
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