During the Momoyama Period (1573-1615), the tea ceremony became almost universally accepted as part of Buddhist life in Japan. The concept "wabi-cha" was associated with the ceremony, meaning quiet, solitary, unassuming. During the Momoyama Period the tea ceremony was strictly ritualized. The rising importance of the tea ceremony created a greater demand for tea wares, made according to specifications of the tea masters. Tea wares had to display the virtues of "wabi" (unassuming) and "sabi" (elegant rusticity, mellowed by age). This example is a Hagi-type ware. The shape conforms to that of a Japanese rice bowl ("wan"), a shape whose simple, gentle profile made it perfect for the tea ceremony. Hagi ware was developed in Yamaguchi Prefecture by Korean potters after the 16th century invasions of Korea, and was much admired by tea masters. The ware is still produced.
Artform: Decorative Arts: CERAMICS, Pre-20th Century
Artist: Unknown. Edo Period
Artist Dates: 1615-1867
Period: 17th century
Date: 17th century
Medium: Korean-style pottery
Size: height: 10 cm
Style: Edo (Tokugawa)
Museum: Philadelphia Museum of Art
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