Baggage Train, from “Campaign Sketches”
On July 17, 1862 the US Congress passed a proclamation allowing black recruitment into the Union army. Through the whole war, approximately 180,000 African-Americans, both free northerners and escaped slaves, served in the Union army, and many more served in the Union navy.
Although black soldiers proved themselves diligent and reputable soldiers, they faced the same discrimination and racism as in the South. They were not paid as much as white soldiers, and were often assigned menial duties such as latrine, cooking and baggage train.
This drawing by a northern artist reveals some of the same racial stereotyping of the image of black people as was seen in southern works of art.
Artform: GRAPHIC ARTS, Pre-20th Century
Artist: Homer, Winslow
Artist Dates: 1836-1910
Country/Culture: United States
Period: 19th century
Medium: lithograph on paper
Size: sheet 36.3 x 28 cm
Museum: Cleveland Museum of Art
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