first in art education since 1901
 
Davis Art
2014 Catalog
art education curriculum
Artist Biographies
Select a letter below to see the biographies for artists
whose last names start with that letter.
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  
Talbot, William Henry Fox (Great Britain, 1800-1877)
The Photographic Age began after the invention of the daguerreotype. This early process inspired Talbot to develop a way to make positive prints from paper negatives. He was one of the first to think of photography as an art medium. Talbot also used photography as a substitute for sketching landscapes.

Tamayo, Rufino (Mexico, 1899-1991)
Tamayo's parents were Zapotec Indians. Much of his work was inspired by the folk art of Mexican Indians and pre-Columbian art, which he collected. Although some of his works are interpretations of political and historical themes, he is best-known or his haunting, symbolic uses of colors, spaces, and shapes to represent emotions and moods.

Tanner, Henry O. (United States, 1859-1937)
The son of a distinguished minister, Henry Tanner often emphasized Bible stories in his paintings. He went to Europe to study and spent many years painting in Paris where he won an honorable mention for one of his paintings of a religious subject. His was the only American work so honored. Tanner continued to paint religious subjects with great frequency, but was also interested in genre themes. He was the most honored of all African-American artists in the United States and abroad and was a potent influence on others who worked with him.

The Limbourg Brothers (Herman, Jean, and Paul) (The Netherlands, 15th century)
The Limbourg Brothers are known for the Book of Hours, created for the Duke of Berry, which contains calendar pages. The pages portray detailed landscapes with images of knights and peasants in seasonal activities.

The Master of Flemalle (Flanders, about 1378-1444)
During the early Renaissance, most northern European artists did not sign their works. The works of the artist called the Master of Flemalle are known for attention to detail, extreme realism, and the use of everyday settings. He was also among the first artists to use oil paint. His masterpiece is a religious painting called the Mérode Altarpiece. Most art historians believe that the Master of Flemalle was Robert Campin, a leading painter of the city of Tournai in Flanders.

Théodore Géricault (France, 1791-1824)
The artist Géricault was always interested in peoples' struggles with nature. He was a successful painter by the age of twenty-one. While living in Italy for several years, he was inspired by the works of Michelangelo. When Géricault returned to France, he painted his masterpiece-Raft of the Medusa. The work, which shows the survivors of a shipwreck, is the first great Romantic painting of France.

Thiebaud, Wayne (United States, b.1920)
Thiebaud began his career as a cartoonist and advertising art director in New York. His style is related to Pop Art, with strong colors and stylized images set on a plain background. He is best known for his still lifes of cafeteria and convenience foods, but he has also portrayed animals and people in his work.

Thomas, Alma (United States, 1891-1978)
Thomas, an African American, is known for her mosaic-like paintings with glowing colors, inspired by observations of flowers, trees, and other aspects of nature. She developed her distinctive style at the age of seventy-four, after many years of teaching art and creating more realistic works.

Thompson, Bradbury (United States, 1911-1995)
Thompson is highly regarded as one of the most important graphic designers of the twentieth century. In his long career, he has served as the art director of over thirty magazines, from Mademoiselle to Smithsonian. He has been an influential teacher of graphic designers and a major designer or consultant for stamps issued by the U.S. Postal Service.

Thompson, Jane (United States, 20th century)
Thompson's concern for people and their environment is expressed in her designs for retail spaces and community areas. She has participated in saving and restoring historically important buildings, including Union Station in Washington D.C. and Ghirardelli Square in San Francisco.

Thomson, Tom (Canada, 1877-1917)
Thomson is known as one of the first Canadians to concentrate on painting outdoors in the wilderness of Canada, attempting to capture the distinct character and color of the land. His spontaneous use of colors and brushstrokes, as well as devotion to Canadian themes, inspired the Group of Seven, Canadian landscape painters based in Toronto, who continued Thomson's ideas after his death.

Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista (Italy, 1696-1770)
Tiepolo was the finest painter in Venice, Italy, in the eighteenth century. His greatest achievements were his decorative ceiling frescoes. They cover enormous surfaces, but the feeling is light and airy, not heavy and dramatic. Figures seem to float in the sky. In addition to such frescoes, Tiepolo created oil paintings on canvas. He combines slashing brushstrokes, vibrant colors, and contrasts of light and dark.

Tiffany, Louis Comfort (United States, 1848-1933)
Tiffany is well-known for his work in glass. He contributed to the revival of interest in stained glass and the development of a new opalescent colored glass, or Tiffany glass. Tiffany stained glass windows, lamps, and other decorations are widely copied.

Tinkelman, Murray (United States, 20th century)
Tinkelman is a science fiction illustrator, university instructor, and photographer. He enjoys drawing the fantasy world and putting aside rational ideas to create precise drawings of animals propelled by imaginary machines in Mechanimals.

Tintoretto (Italy, 1518-1594)
The painter Jacopo Robusti is known by the name Tintoretto. He became the most dramatic Mannerist painter of the sixteenth century. He filled huge walls with canvases of soaring figures and religious scenes. Although he painted constantly, Tintoretto did much of his work for charity houses at a small salary. When he died, the great artist was almost penniless. His masterpiece is a series of more than fifty canvases in the School of San Rocco in Venice, Italy.

Titian (Italy, 1490-1576)
Tiziano Vecellio, known as Titian in English, was the artistic giant of Venetian art. He often painted his figures in bright colors over a red-painted background, which added warmth to the entire work. Preferring not to smooth out the surface paint, he allowed brushstrokes to remain visible. His paintings also emphasize movement. Titian is known for his portraits as well as his paintings of subjects from mythology and religion.

Tooker, George (United States, b.1920)
George Tooker carried the banner of Social Realism, a movement that focused on ordinary people and the many injustices imposed on them by an uncaring society. He painted the decline in the quality of life in the growing cities by emphasizing loneliness and alienation. Tooker's Government Bureau is the stark, almost chilling, summation of the dehumanizing of urban society that Social Realists sought to portray.

Torres-Garcia, Joaquín (Uruguay, 1874-1949)
Torres-Garcia studied art in Spain and created murals for churches and public buildings. He later traveled to Paris and New York where he met artists who worked in geometric style. As a result of their influence, he developed more geometric paintings, based on grids, which also included symbols from pre-Columbian and modern cultures.

Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de (France, 1864-1901)
The artist, Toulouse-Lautrec, spent much of his time in the cafes and theaters of Paris, France. He drew caricatures and portraits with great skill, and he liked to portray dancers and circus people. His Post-Impressionist works-such as At the Moulin Rouge-are known for his quick, sketchy style, although they took a long time to finish. Toulouse-Lautrec was also the first artist to produce modern posters for commercial purposes.

Traylor, Angelika (United States, 20th century)
Traylor creates one-of-a-kind stained glass lamps, panels and architecture installations. She is noted for the intricacy of her designs and for her use of bold, jewel-toned colors.

Tucker, Martin (United States, 20th century)
Tucker is known for his expressive drawings and paintings of varied subjects in the environment. His drawings in color have a lively, painterly quality and his paintings have strong linear brushstrokes related to his style of drawing.

Turner, Joseph Mallord William (Great Britain, 1775-1851)
The great English artist Turner created about 19,000 watercolors in addition to oil paintings. He was interested in the effects of light, and he took sketching and watercolor painting trips all over Europe. Turner's watercolors are set against backgrounds of brilliantly colored skies of mist, sunset, and sunrise. His later works are compositions of swirling color and light.


 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  
 
© 2014 Davis Publications, Inc.