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Davis Art
2014 Catalog
art education curriculum
Artist Biographies
Select a letter below to see the biographies for artists
whose last names start with that letter.
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O'Gorman, Juan (Mexico, 1905-1982)
O'Gorman was one of Mexico's most progressive architects. He designed homes and over thirty public schools. His most well-known work is the library of the National University of Mexico City for which he also design mosaics that cover the exterior and symbolically represent the history of Mexican culture.

O'Keeffe, Georgia (1887-1986 US)
Born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin. New she wanted to be an artist at age ten. First trained at the Art Institute of Chicago, but felt too confined. Then studied at the Art Students League in New York. Alfred Stieglitz showed her works in 1916 at the 291 Gallery. Married Stieglitz in 1925. Started painting in New Mexico in 1929. Moved to New Mexico permanently in 1949 and lived there until her death.

Oldenburg, Claes (Sweden/United States, b.1929)
Claes Oldenburg uses found materials to make sculptures and drawings of the objects he sees around him. To help the viewer see the manufactured environment with new eyes, he enlarges ordinary household objects, such as a clothespin and a tube of lipstick, to enormous size. Oldenburg also developed the technique of soft sculpture, which added a surrealistic effect to his work. He illustrates how Pop Art injected surprise, curiosity, and humor into the art of the second half of the twentieth century.

Olmstead, Frederick Law (United States, 1822-1903)
Olmstead created parks that retained as much natural beauty as was possible within large American cities. His interest in landscaping began on trips to Europe, where he visited large parks. He invented the term landscape architect when he signed it next to his name on his best known project-Central Park in New York City.

Oppenheim, Meret (Switzerland, b. 1913)
Meret Oppenheim exhibited the ultimate in Surrealist imaging by combining recognizable objects in irrational combinations. Her contributions to the Surrealist movement, and associations with other members of the group, began before she became 20 years of age. Oppenheim is probably best known for the fur teacup and spoon, one of the most recognized of Surrealist objects.

Orozco, José Clemente (Mexico, 1883-1949)
Like other artists in Mexico, Orozco combined Expressionist techniques with social protest to create dramatic and political murals. Beginning with the fresco technique, the artist later used more modern materials to fill walls and ceilings in Guadalajara and other cities in Mexico with his powerful statements.

Osceola, Mary T. (United States, 20th century)
Osceola, a Miccosukee Indian from Florida, carries on the traditional Seminole and Miccosukee craft of sewing patchwork clothing. The technique is related to quilting. Patchwork sewing was encouraged and developed by the sale of sewing machines in the early 1900s.


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