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Davis Art
2014 Catalog
art education curriculum
Artist Biographies
Select a letter below to see the biographies for artists
whose last names start with that letter.
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Hals, Frans (The Netherlands, about 1580-1666)
The Dutch artist Frans Hals was a brilliant portrait painter. He is known for a technique in which he used slashing brushwork. His paintings may appear to have been painted quickly, but he spent much time on them. The loose feeling of his work is very different from the exact features in the portraits of Leonardo, Dürer, or Holbein. He is known for painting the common people, especially his friends, as in Yonker Ramp and His Sweetheart.

Halsband, Frances (United States, b.1943)
Halsband designs buildings that are integrated architecturally and functionally with their environments. She is concerned with order, function, craftsmanship, and history as aspects of architecture. She has designed offices, universities, and houses and is noted for attention to detail. Halsband was the first woman elected to the position of president of the Architectural League of New York.

Hanson, Duane (United States, 1925-1978)
Duane Hanson's three-dimensional New Realism is flawless and almost freightening at times. He produces life-size, colored models of people that are dressed and surrounded with props to heighten the reality. His people and arrangements appear so real and ordinary that some viewers walk right past without realizing they are sculptures-the ultimate compliment to a Super-Realist artist.

Harnett, William (United States, 1848-1892)
Harnett was born in Ireland and raised in Philadelphia. He specialized in precisely painted trompe l'Ïil (fool the eye) compositions. His subject matter included pipes, mugs, hunting equipment, and musical instruments.

Harrison, Wallace K. (United States, 1895-1981)
The Secretariat Building of the United Nations in New York was designed by a group of architects under Wallace Harrison's direction. It was the first skyscraper to have a simple shaft without changes or set-backs from top to bottom. The building has a grid of glass and steel on the wide sides and unbroken marble panels on the ends. The service equipment for this building is located on the roof where it is out of the way, a new idea in architecture.

Hartigan, Grace (United States, b.1922)
Hartigan works in the style of Abstract Expessionism. She develops her paintings around multidirectional brushstrokes, with images derived from human figures, animals, plants, and other ideas from her environment or travels.

Hartley, Marsden (United States, 1877-1943)
Hartley worked in a variety of styles but preferred abstract images based on landscapes or symbolic interpretations of people in various roles. He traveled extensively and often created work in pastels that he later interpreted in oil paintings. His last works were painted in the bold, direct style of Expressionism.

Hartsock, Carol (United States, 20th century)
Hartsock has worked as a fiber artist creating varied works including soft sculpture. She also creates paintings with a focus on portraits and views of the environment. These works have been inspired, in part, by her travel in Asia.

Hartwig, Cleo (United States, 1911-1988)
Hartwig carves simplified forms directly into materials such as stone or wood without making a sketch or model. Sometimes the natural shape and coloring of the stone or the wood determines the subject of a work. Her ideas for many works are based on small animals and birds she saw as a child.

Heckel, Erich (Germany, 1883-1970)
Heckel is best known for his powerful way of representing the inner anguish of people. His works often express the feeling of persons who have experienced tragedy, loneliness, or sickness. Angular distortions and contrasting visual elements are often used to express these themes.

Henri, Robert (United States, 1865-1929)
Robert Henri was the leader of The Eight, a group of Philadelphia illustrators who banded together to exhibit their paintings. These Expressionist painters tried to communicate their feelings about American life in the crowded cities. They presented paintings of crowds, slums, clogged streets, and ragged children. Critics jeeringly called them 'The Ashcan School' because their realism became expressions of poverty and ugliness. America had always favored Realism, but such visual social statements were disturbing.

Hepworth, Barbara (Great Britain, 1903-1975)
Barbara Hepworth was part of a group of artists who created a revolutionary approach to European sculpture in the 1930s. Characterized by highly simplified, organic forms, Hepworth's abstractions are inbued with a dignified presence that has often been compared with the serene power of classical sculpture. Hepworth created works in wood, bronze, or marble. In Assembly of Sea Forms, she produced a contemporary effect by grouping the pieces to make the completed arrangement. When a viewer walks around the group, the relationships between each part and the whole changes.

Hiroshige, Ando (Japan, 1797-1858)
Hiroshige was an artist associated with the Ukiyo-e movement. Ukiyo-e is Japanese for 'pictures of the floating world' and refers to subjects preferred by printmakers in Japan from the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries. These subjects included everyday customs as well as fashion, and scenes from travel or the theater. The strong flat design in work by Hiroshige and other printmakers were admired by leading nineteenth century European artists and influenced their work.

Hoffman, Marvina (United States, 1885-1966)
Hoffman is best known for 105 bronze sculptures of heads created to represent the beauty, dignity, and physical characteristics of people from around the world. She traveled around the world to gather information, photographs, and films as reference material for this project. She also carved many relief and full round sculptural monuments from stone.

Hofmann, Hans (Germany/United States, 1880-1966)
Hans Hofmann came from Germany to New York to become one of America's most influential art teachers. He is best known for his canvases of heavily applied, brilliant color that seem to have some magical intensity. Most of his work does not have representational aspects. Unlike other Abstract Expressionists, Hofmann's canvases often have a sense of serenity and visual balance.

Hogarth, William (England, 1697-1764)
Hogarth was the founder of the British school of painting. He painted many portraits and argued that English painters were equal to those from continental Europe. Hogarth is best known for series of humorous paintings that were reproduced as prints for the common people. They deal with topics such as marriage, politics, and the upper classes.

Hokusai, Katsushika (Japan, 1760-1849)
Hokusai worked as a painter and printmaker during the Ukiyo-e era (17th to 19th centuries). Ukiyo-e means 'pictures of the floating world' and refers to artists' preferences for subjects related to everyday life and special scenes in Japan. The informal balance and flat patterns in works by Hokusai and other Ukiyo-e printmakers influenced nineteenth century artists in Europe to explore more abstract and symmetrical compositions.

Holbein, Hans (born in Germany, 1497-1543)
This Northern Renaissance artist was one of the finest portrait painters of all time. He moved to England in the 1520s, where he became court painter to King Henry VIII. His realistic portraits give us a look at sixteenth-century clothing, hair styles, and general appearance. Holbein's works are known for extreme detail. A double portrait called The French Ambassadors is one of his greatest paintings.

Homer, Winslow (United States, 1836-1910)
Even at a young age, Winslow Homer knew he wanted to become an artist. Mostly self-taught, he began his professional career as an illustrator. After the Civil War, he started to paint. Homer's paintings often depict young people, leisure activities, and life along the seacoast. He was also the first American artist to use watercolor to create finished works of art. Among his many popular works are Breezing Up (A Fair Wind) and The Gulf Stream.

Hopper, Edward (United States, 1882-1967)
Despite the increasing importance of abstraction in America, Edward Hopper continued to work at his own brand of Realism. He painted America from the inside out concentrating on its feelings rather than visible content. Nighthawks is a dramatic portrayal of loneliness in the big city. The strong light is garish and piercing. His subjects look exposed, as though they were put under a glaring spotlight. It is evident that Hooper was acutely sensitive to human emotions.

Houdon, Jean Antoine (France, 1741-1828)
Houdon was one of the best sculptors who worked during the Neoclassical period. His portraits are anatomically accurate, and his works also capture the personality of his sitters. Among the famous people who became subjects for Houdon are Voltaire, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and George Washington.

Hui-zong, Emperor (China, 1101-1125)
Hui-zong, the last emperor of Northern Sung Province, was a painter and collector of art treasures from his country. He set up the official school for painting at his palace. His paintings included birds on branches, flowers, and figures in landscape.

Hunt, Richard (United States, b.1935)
Hunt, an African American, cuts, shapes, and welds sheets of different metals to make up a palette of colors for his abstract sculptures. He creates other colors through the use of heat and applied patina. The theme of most of his work is the harmony of natural and industrial elements of society.


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